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Princeton, NJ Pets Articles

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Dog and Cat Vaccination Information

Canine Diseases:

DHLP-P Vaccine Prevents:

Distemper - This highly contagious viral disease is found wherever dogs are found. It affects the respiratory & nervous system & is often fatal. Primary vaccination should begin at 6-12 weeks of age since dogs often contract the disease at an early age.

Hepatitis/Adenovirus Type 1 + 2 - Canine Adenovirus Type 1 infection causes infectious hepatitis which may lead to severe kidney damage. Type 2 can be a complicating factor in kennel cough. Vaccines are available that protect against both types of adenovirus.

Leptospirosis - This is a bacterial disease carried by many wild animals. A dog can contract the disease from infected animals or by drinking contaminated water. Yearly vaccination limits your dog's chances of acquiring the disease.

Parainfluenza - This viral respiratory disease is often partly responsible for "kennel cough" in dogs. Infection can be severe in your puppies.

Parvovirus - This contagious viral disease usually causes severe diarrhea and vomiting in dogs of all ages but is especially deadly in puppies.

Lyme Vaccine-Borreliosis or Lyme disease is an infection caused by a bacteria which is spread primarily by the painless bite of an infected tick. Symptoms of Borreliosis in the dog include fever, lethargy, muscle stiffness, depression and lack of appetite. In more severe cases, lameness occurs as a result of severe musculoskeletal or arthritic type joint pain.

Rabies Vaccine - Of all animal diseases, rabies is probably the most feared. The rabies virus attacks the brain and is always fatal. Most pets are exposed to rabies by bites from wild animals particularly skunks, raccoons, bats and foxes. The disease can be transmitted to humans through the bite or scratch of an infected pet. Vaccination of all dogs and cats is the most effective means of control.

Bordetella Vaccine (Kennel Cough) - Frequently involved in kennel cough complex, this bacterial infection may occur simultaneously with distemper, adenovirus type 2 infection, parainfluenza and other respiratory infections.

*Our clinic requires all pets be vaccinated a minimum of 2 weeks prior to surgery, boarding, or extended hospital stay. Canines must also be up to date on heartworm testing or prevention.

Feline Diseases:

FVRCP (Feline Enteritis) Vaccine Prevents:

Rhinotracheitis - Is an infection that is a widespread respiratory disease caused by a virus. It is most severe in small kittens and can cause profuse discharge from the eyes and nose.

Calicivirus - Is an infection that causes a variety of symptoms including fever, excess salivation and mouth or tongue ulcers. It is usually less fatal than rhinotacheitis or panleukopenia.

Panleukopenia - This is sometimes called "feline distemper". It causes severe vomiting, diarrhea and dehydration. It is the most widespread respiratory disease of cats and causes high death loss especially among kittens. The disease is caused by a virus and is highly contagious.

Feline Leukemia Vaccine - This is a form of cancer in cats, which is usually fatal. The disease, caused by a virus, can lead to tumor growth nearly anywhere in the body as well as a variety of other symptoms. Infected cats are unable to resist other diseases and may die from associated infections. Testing for the disease is recommended prior to initiating a vaccination program.

Rabies Vaccine - See explanation under Canine Rabies.

Feline Infectious Peritonitis (FIP) - A deadly viral disease that has no known cure. The disease has many varied symptoms & is spread by contact with other cats or exposure to feces or urine. It is slowly becoming more common in the feline population. If your cat goes outside it is a candidate for this vaccination.

Feline Immuno Virus (FIV) - This is an infectious disease in cats, similar to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). It attacks & weakens the body's immune system, making the animal susceptible to infection & disease. There is no cure. Though eventually fatal, an FIV-positive cat can live for many years.

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